The Future of the Agriculture Commodity Market: Trends and Insights

Mar 16, 2023
B2B Trade Portal
The Future of the Agriculture Commodity Market: Trends and Insights

The commodity trading sector has experienced growth over the previous five years. Although all industries experience multi year cycles of peaks and troughs, the future of the sector appears to be very bright.

The next normal is indeed just around the corner for the commodity market. The current energy transition is a physical and economic change that affects and integrates various global food, energy, and material systems. From the perspective of commodity trading, this change will amplify structural volatility, stifle trade flows to create new arbitrages, redefine what it means to be a commodity, and fundamentally transform business relations. For both new and established players, these developments will create special opportunities and challenges.

Commodity market for agriculture

Agriculture-related commodities are traded on agricultural commodity markets. Crops like wheat, corn, soybeans, and cotton are examples of agricultural commodities. Livestock products like cattle and hogs are also included. These markets are crucial because they enable farmers and other agricultural producers to reach buyers like food producers, exporters, and other consumers and sell their products to them.

Aside from other economic and geopolitical factors that may affect the production and distribution of agricultural commodities, supply and demand factors also play a role in setting prices in the markets for agricultural commodities. Weather patterns, governmental regulations, and market speculation can all affect prices.

The markets for agricultural commodities come in a variety of forms, including futures, options, and cash markets. While options markets give buyers the right but not the obligation to buy or sell a commodity at a specific price, futures markets allow buyers and sellers to agree on a price for a future delivery date. The physical delivery of a commodity is required in cash markets, also referred to as spot markets, at the time of the transaction.

Understanding agricultural commodity markets requires knowledge of both market fundamentals and the variables that can affect supply and demand for agricultural commodities. Agricultural commodity markets can be complicated.

How can you trade agricultural commodities?

Since 2002, modern commodity trading has been permitted in India. By purchasing and selling futures contracts on any of the six exchanges that permit trading in agricultural commodities, you can transact in the market for those commodities. Two of the six exchanges that permit trading in commodities on their platforms are devoted exclusively to the trading of agricultural commodities. The National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Limited and the National Multi-Commodity Exchange are these exchanges. Prior to 2017, trading in agri-commodities was challenging. The Securities and Exchange Board of India did permit trading in commodities from standard Demat accounts towards the end of that year, though.

You can conduct research on a commodity and make price predictions if you want to invest in the market for agricultural commodities. If you are confident in your prediction of future prices, you should pay your broker the required margin and purchase a futures contract. The sale would be carried out on the future date specified in the contract. When it comes to trading commodities, brokers offer significant leverage; however, you should be aware of the associated risks. Your life savings could be quickly depleted by a few bad bets.

Agri-commodity trading has advantages

Price research: Agricultural commodity markets give buyers and sellers a place to find out what various commodities are worth in the market. The best time to sell crops is determined by farmers and other producers using this information, and the same is true for buyers.

Risk management: Trading in commodities enables farmers and other agricultural industry participants to control price risks related to agricultural commodities. Prices can be fixed through futures and options contracts, which can act as a form of price protection.

Increased market access: A wider market for agricultural commodities is made available by commodity trading platforms, giving farmers and producers access to consumers outside of their local markets. Increased competition and higher producer prices may result from this.

Increased market efficiency: Trading platforms enable buyers and sellers to transact at fair market prices by reducing information asymmetry and increasing market efficiency.

Investment opportunities: Through commodity trading, investors can diversify their portfolios, make investments in the agricultural sector, and possibly profit from changes in commodity prices.

Futures markets for agricultural commodities

Futures contracts for agricultural commodities are market-based tools for risk management and aid in the orderly development of effective agricultural markets. Risks related to commodity prices are hedged using futures markets. By providing a forum for the exchange of information about supply and demand conditions, they also serve as a low-cost, highly effective, and transparent mechanism for determining prices in the future. Future market functions for hedging and price discovery encourage more effective production, storage, marketing, and agro-processing operations and aid in enhancing overall agricultural marketing performance.

India has a long history of trading in commodity derivatives, but due to government intervention in many commodity markets to control prices, this sector has remained underdeveloped. The state still controls the production, supply, and distribution of many agricultural products. The Essential Commodities Act (ECA), 1955, and the Agriculture Produce Marketing Committees (APMC) Acts of various state governments restrict the free trade of many agricultural commodities. According to the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 1952, forward and futures contracts were until April 2003 restricted to just a few commodity items. But in 2003, the GOI removed all restrictions on commodities, which could be traded on commodity exchanges.

Currently, 81 different commodities are traded in futures on 25 different commodity exchanges operating in India. These exchanges tend to be regional and commodity-specific. Four commodity exchanges—National Multi Commodity Exchange (NMCE), Ahmedabad; National Board of Trade (NBOT), Indore; National Commodity Derivative Exchange (NCDEX), Mumbai; and Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX), Mumbai—were each given National Multi Commodity Exchange (NMCE) status in 2003.

Market trends for agricultural commodities

Growing demand: The world's population is expanding, which is causing the price of food to rise. As a result of the shortage of supply, agricultural commodity prices are under pressure.

Climate change: Climate change is causing more frequent and severe weather events, like floods and droughts, which can have an impact on agricultural production. Increased price volatility and supply chain disruptions may result from this.

Technological developments: The agricultural sector is becoming more productive and efficient thanks to developments in technology like genetic engineering and precision farming. This lowers production costs while increasing the supply of agricultural products.

Sustainability: The demand for agricultural products that are produced sustainably, such as those that are organic or that use environmentally friendly methods, is rising. Changes in supply chain procedures and production techniques are the result of this.

Trade policies: Modifications to international trade policies, such as tariffs and trade agreements, may have an effect on both the demand for and the cost of agricultural commodities.

About Kisaan Trade

A B2B (business-to-business) online marketplace called Kisaan Trade links Indian farmers, traders, and buyers. The platform aims to offer buyers a wide selection of premium goods at affordable prices, as well as farmers and traders a transparent and dependable platform on which to sell their agricultural commodities.

A number of features are available from Kisaan Trade, such as real-time pricing data, logistics assistance, quality control, and payment facilitation. Farmers and traders can reach a larger market and possibly get better prices for their commodities by listing their products on the platform. Buyers have access to a wide variety of agricultural products from all over India, including grains, oilseeds, pulses, fruits, and vegetables.

What role does Kisaan Trade play in the agriculture commodities market?

Establishing a marketplace where farmers and traders can sell their agricultural products: An online marketplace called Kisaan Trade links farmers, traders, and customers all over India. Farmers and traders can reach a larger market and possibly get better prices for their commodities by listing their products on the platform.

Providing real-time pricing data: Kisaan Trade gives farmers and traders access to real-time pricing data for agricultural commodities, assisting them in making decisions about when to sell their produce.

Providing logistics support: For the transportation of agricultural commodities, Kisaan Trade offers logistics support, which can help ensure prompt delivery and lower the risk of spoilage.

Assurance of quality: Kisaan Trade provides services for quality assurance, which can help foster trust between buyers and sellers and lower the likelihood of disagreements.

Facilitating payment transactions: Payment transactions are facilitated by Kisaan Trade, which can help to cut down on payment delays and ensure that farmers and traders receive their payments on time.

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